drug usage per raceRace disparity in prison

It has often been written there are 6x more Blacks than Whites locked up in prison, and Hispanics come second. What are the actual proven numbers? I have spoken to people, who believing media hype, still think blacks have a higher innate criminal draw in their genes and also think they do more drugs. That is false. But when you hear something often enough you think it’s true. Blacks are more dangerous and should be locked up in greater numbers.

That percentage of more Blacks than Whites in prison also holds true for those who are done serving their time. The numbers on the outside, though keep growing. Even though rehabilitation is practically non – existent these people are supposed to learn out how to have a life, often without GED to help them get a job, and find a place to live with the deck stacked against them. The only thing that is recognized is the, “I told you so” failure of once a con, always a con.

For many it starts out in Juvenile detention. 70% of all foster care kids end up in prison. They were throw away kids. Many came from single parent homes never learning their lives have value. The juvenile court system is overwhelmed with these kids and it’s growing in epic proportions each year. In the 90’s they passed a law that tried kids as adults – some states as young as age 7. Due to lack of funding for programs and sufficient probation officers and juvenile attorneys it was easier to shove these kids into adult court than find a way help them to ease the burden of over 14,000 arrests a year in California alone.

Add this to the adult offenders, some with violent arrests who want to have a better life. Below is a portion of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, title V11 and an explanation from the EEOC trying to change the job hiring practices of businesses, because if people have paid their debt to society they should be able to find work so they don’t have to resort to criminal acts to survive. Because this effects people of color to such a greater degree it created a wider and wider percentage who are unemployed with nowhere to live. If this were you, what would you do to put food on the table? The men and women who sincerely want to have a better life are at a severe disadvantage.

The EEOC ( US Equal Opportunity Employment Commission) enforces Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII) which prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. This Enforcement Guidance is issued as part of the Commission's efforts to eliminate unlawful discrimination in employment screening, for hiring or retention, by entities covered by Title VII, including private employers as well as federal, state, and local governments.

In the last twenty years, there has been a significant increase in the number of Americans who have had contact with the criminal justice system and, concomitantly, a major increase in the number of people with criminal records in the working-age population. In 1991, only 1.8% of the adult population had served time in prison. After ten years, in 2001, the percentage rose to 2.7% (1 in 37 adults). By the end of 2007, 3.2% of all adults in the United States (1 in every 31) were under some form of correctional control involving probation, parole, prison, or jail. The Department of Justice's Bureau of Justice Statistics (DOJ/BJS) has concluded that, if incarceration rates do not decrease, approximately 6.6% of all persons born in the United States in 2001 will serve time in state or federal prison during their lifetimes.

Arrest and incarceration rates are particularly high for African American and Hispanic men. African Americans and Hispanics are arrested at a rate that is 2 to 3 times their proportion of the general population. Assuming that current incarceration rates remain unchanged, about 1 in 17 White men are expected to serve time in prison during their lifetime; by contrast, this rate climbs to 1 in 6 for Hispanic men; and to 1 in 3 for African American men.

The Commission, which has enforced Title VII since it became effective in 1965, has well-established guidance applying Title VII principles to employers' use of criminal records to screen for employment. This Enforcement Guidance builds on longstanding court decisions and policy documents that were issued over twenty years ago. In light of employers' increased access to criminal history information, case law analyzing Title VII requirements for criminal record exclusions, and other developments, the Commission has decided to update and consolidate in this document all of its prior policy statements about Title VII and the use of criminal records in employment decisions. Thus, this Enforcement Guidance will supersede the Commission's previous policy statements on this issue.

The Commission intends this document for use by employers considering the use of criminal records in their selection and retention processes; by individuals who suspect that they have been denied jobs or promotions, or have been discharged because of their criminal records; and by EEOC staff who are investigating discrimination charges involving the use of criminal records in employment decisions.

Example: Disparate Treatment Based on Race. John, who is White, and Robert, who is African American, are both recent graduates of State University. They have similar educational backgrounds, skills, and work experience. They each pled guilty to charges of possessing and distributing marijuana as high school students, and neither of them had any subsequent contact with the criminal justice system.

After college, they both apply for employment with Office Jobs, Inc., which, after short intake interviews, obtains their consent to conduct a background check. Based on the outcome of the background check, which reveals their drug convictions, an Office Jobs, Inc., representative decides not to refer Robert for a follow-up interview. The representative remarked to a co-worker that Office Jobs, Inc., cannot afford to refer "these drug dealer types" to client companies. However, the same representative refers John for an interview, asserting that John's youth at the time of the conviction and his subsequent lack of contact with the criminal justice system make the conviction unimportant. Office Jobs, Inc., has treated John and Robert differently based on race, in violation of Title VII.

Nationally, African Americans and Hispanics are arrested in numbers disproportionate to their representation in the general population. In 2010, 28% of all arrests were of African Americans, even though African Americans only comprised approximately 14% of the general population. In 2008, Hispanics were arrested for federal drug charges at a rate of approximately three times their proportion of the general population. Moreover, African Americans and Hispanics were more likely than Whites to be arrested, convicted, or sentenced for drug offenses even though their rate of drug use is similar to the rate of drug use for Whites.

<a href="https://mynameisjamiedotnet.files.wordpress.com/2015/08/drugs-per-race.jpg"><img class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-69571" src="https://mynameisjamiedotnet.files.wordpress.com/2015/08/drugs-per-race.jpg&quot; alt="drug usage per race" width="234" height="215" /></a>

African Americans and Hispanics also are incarcerated at rates disproportionate to their numbers in the general population. Based on national incarceration data, the U.S. Department of Justice estimated in 2001 that 1 out of every 17 White men (5.9% of the White men in the U.S.) is expected to go to prison at some point during his lifetime, assuming that current incarceration rates remain unchanged. This rate climbs to 1 in 6 (or 17.2%) for Hispanic men. For African American men, the rate of expected incarceration rises to 1 in 3 (or 32.2%). Based on a state-by-state examination of incarceration rates in 2005, African Americans were incarcerated at a rate 5.6 times higher than Whites, and 7 states had a Black-to-White ratio of incarceration that was 10 to 1. In 2010, Black men had an imprisonment rate that was nearly 7 times higher than White men and almost 3 times higher than Hispanic men.

This is only a portion of this document. If you want to read it in it’s entirety go to: http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/guidance/arrest_conviction.cfm#I

http://facebook.com/jamielifeinprison . . .Blog posts and news about injustice in the world

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